NEW: Bone Density Measurement with DEXA

What is a bone density measurement?
When you have a bone density measurement a very low dose x-ray radiation is used to measure how much calcium your bones contain (bone density). One of the main reasons for this research is to determine whether you are suffering from osteoporosis. The lower your bone density, the greater the chance of bone fractures.

When do you need a bone density measurement?
A bone density measurement is recommended when there is a suspicion that you have osteoporosis. This can occur for example with: long-term use of corticosteroids (prednisone), if you have a bone fracture sustained in minor injury several times, women in menopause, being bedridden, a lack of vitamin D.

To determine whether you belong to the risk group, you can fill in the questionnaire on the bottom. There is a questionnaire for women and for men. If you answer ‘yes’ to more than 3 questions, you are eligible for a bone density measurement.

How does a bone density measurement work?
For the measurement you need to lie on your back on the exam table. A special x-ray machine with low energy (DXA-device) makes a recording of the lower part of your back and your hips. During the recording you need to remain as still as possible. A measurement of bone density takes about fifteen minutes. By measuring how well the bone lets in x-ray radiation, the density of the bone can be calculated. The more x-rays can pass through the bone, the less calcium the bone contains and the lower the bone density is.

Risk-test Osteoporosis for women (International Osteoporosis Federation)
1. one of your parents has the diagnosis osteoporosis or has already broken a hip by a light punch or fall
2. you have broken a bone after a light punch or fall
3. you have taken for more than 3 months corticosteroids (prednisone and prednisone-like substances)
4. You are shorter by more than 3 cm
5. You consume more than 2 glasses of alcohol per day
6. You smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day
7. You suffer from diarrhea regularly (caused by inflammation of the intestines such as Crohn’s disease)
8. you were younger than 45 when your menopause began
9. your periods have stopped for longer than 12 months (for reasons other than pregnancy or menopause)

If you answered ‘Yes’ to more than 3 questions, you are eligible for a bone density measurement.

Risk-test Osteoporosis for men (International Osteoporosis Federation)
1. one of your parents has the diagnosis osteoporosis or has already broken a hip by a light punch or fall
2. you have broken a bone after a light punch or fall
3. you have taken for more than 3 months corticosteroids (prednisone and prednisone-like substances)
4. You are shorter by more than 3 cm
5. You consume more than 2 glasses of alcohol per day
6. You smoke more than 20 cigarettes a day
7. You suffer from diarrhea regularly (caused by inflammation of the intestines such as Crohn’s disease)
8. Have you ever suffered from impotence, lack of libido or other symptoms that might indicate reduced testosterone levels

If you answered ‘Yes’ to more than 3 questions, you are eligible for a bone density measurement.

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